Periodontal Treatment:

Healthy gums are pink and firm in appearance they should not be soft, red or shiny and they should not bleed when brushing and if they do then you most probably have gingivitis. When gum disease or gingivitis is not treated, it can progress and also start affecting the tissues that are beneath the gums which are the periodontal ligaments and the bone. This condition is called periodontitis. It all starts with the accumulation of plaque at the gum lines which if not removed with proper brushing and flossing will harden and turn into calcified deposits known as tartar or calculus. These deposits carry an enormous amount of bacteria that produce toxins that deteriorate the ligaments that attach the gums to the teeth.  If not treated, this condition will eventually also start destroying the bone that surrounds the teeth. When this happens the teeth can start getting loose. The damage created by periodontitis doesn't’t stop in the mouth. Periodontitis also causes an increased risk of heart attack or stroke and other serious health problems. Recent studies indicate that there is an interrelationship between diabetes and periodontal disease. Diabetes is a systemic disease that predisposes to periodontitis and periodontitis is a localized disease that can exacerbate diabetes. Also Increasing evidence suggests that maternal gingivitis and periodontitis may be a risk factor for preterm birth and other adverse pregnancy outcomes.

To prevent this condition all that is needed is a visit to the dentist every six months or earlier if indicated, for a regular cleaning. This together with the proper care of teeth at home will prevent gum disease.If gum disease or periodontitis already exists, then the patient will require scaling and root planning which is a deep cleaning where the hygienist will gently eliminate the deposits of calculus that are attached to the roots of the teeth to help the gums attach to the bone and teeth. If the periodontitis reaches a certain degree of severity, sometimes there are other procedures that can be done to help control it like periodontal surgery and bone grafting of the areas where bone was lost.